The Liver is a very important organ in the human body. It serves the body with many functions such as detoxification, protein synthesis and production of other body fluids vital for its functioning. For this reason, the Liver is faced by several infections, which affect the normal functioning. Some of these infections include liver cirrhosis, fibrosis, jaundice among other. This paper outlines one of the main infections, which is liver fibrosis. Liver fibrosis is a fatal disease which affects the liver organ. Liver fibrosis is generally the excessive accumulation of the extracellular matrix proteins such as collagen. This disorder is mostly because of a chronic liver infection. This can also be described a state where the terminal of any chronic liver illness causes the liver tissues change into fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules. This causes the organ to lose its functional adaptation.
There are three main causes of this liver disorder. They include alcohol abuse, chronic Hepatitis C virus infection and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. These causes contribute to the liver tissues change to fibrosis. Alcohol when abused accumulates in the in the liver. This is because its digestion and processing takes place in the organ. In the case where alcohol is taken in large and unmanaged quantities, the amount of toxins increase thus causing damage and scarring to the liver. The alcohols' by product, oxidative stress, build up thus causing fat to accumulate in the liver. This on the other hand increases scarring finally resulting to liver fibrosis. The other main cause of this disorder is chronic hepatitis c infection. This virus causes inflammation on the liver tissues. This leads to death of numerous liver cells. As the body tries to fight this infection by rebuilding other liver cells, many scars form on the tissue leading to liver fibrosis.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is the other main cause of liver fibrosis. A disorder-affecting people do not drink much alcohol. It affects the middle-aged persons and it results into destruction of liver cells. This causes formation of scarring thus liver fibrosis.
As outlined in the essay, liver fibrosis is characterized with scarring on the liver tissues. Normally the liver tissues are soft but due to destruction by toxins or virus, they harden and turn fibrotic. This disorder leads to liver failure and may result into liver transplant.
Liver fibrosis is reversible. The most recommended ways to this is by treating the underlying sickness. In the same case, one can avoid the causative agent in reversing the disorder. Its reversibility depends on the severalty.